Total Legal Accounting 3




USAGE: To refund monies incorrectly paid by your Client to you.


DISCUSSION: General Cheques only affect the Disbursement account. If you have overcharged a Client or if your Client has overpaid an account, you could write a cheque from the General Cheques program but shifting the monies back to reconcile the account requires a number of negative transactions. These are difficult to enter and difficult to follow. If all you wish to enter is a General Cheque that updates the Client balance, the current function is far simpler.


When you start the CLIENT REFUNDS program, T.L.A. initially asks:


ENTER CHEQUE TOTAL [__________$0.00 ]


Here you enter the value of the Cheque to be drawn. The value entered must not be zero, however, it may be negative if you are reversing a previous entry.


Next you are asked which General Bank Account the monies will be deposited into:




Enter the last four digits of the bank account and press <Enter> or <F10>. If you have only one account, set this GENERAL LEDGER CONTROL ACCOUNTS (see SECTION 6.5.2) to save time. If you have multiple General accounts, you may press <F9> to initiate a search.


Typically, the screen will now look like this:



The top of the screen displays the General Bank account you are posting to, the total value of the refund and the value dissected so far. At this point the total dissected is zero. T.L.A. will not allow you to update the Cheque until the Dissected value is exactly equal to the Total value.


Enter a Client code and press <Enter>. Alternatively, press <F9> to initiate a search. The Client file you enter must refer to an active (not completed) file. It is possible to enter a transaction that makes the Client balance negative (in credit).


The screen will now typically look like this:



T.L.A. will display the Name of the File, the Address and Matter Re. Also the current Disbursement, Client and Trust balances are displayed on the left of the screen. These balances are updated when monies are applied to show you what the account will be when the current transaction is updated. This can be a useful check. You should look at these balances before updating the line.


There are several fields to enter:


Name                  Comments


DETAILS    Here you enter the details of the transaction, eg. COURIERS. If you are entering multiple lines, you can repeat the previous line by pressing <F1>. This repeat function will remain live until you exit to the menu program.


VALUE                This is the value of the line. It might be the full value of the Cheque or the portion to be dissected to the current file. You may not enter a value that would cause the Cheque to be over dissected. You may press <F9> to open the on-screen calculator. The result of the calculation will be automatically inserted into this field.


At each point, you may cancel the REFUND by pressing <ESC>. However, it is possible to return to a specific field by using <CsrUp> or <F8>.


If you have entered at least one line, you may press <F5> (at the FILE field) to enter the REVIEW function. This function allows you to view your entries, and if necessary change or delete a line. To move between lines use <CsrUp>, <CsrDn>, <PageUp>, <PageDn>, <Home> and <End>. If there is a particularly large number of lines, you can also use <F9> to go to a specific line number. To modify a line, make sure it is displayed in full in the bottom window and press <F3>. You can then re-enter any of the details. To leave the REVIEW function, press <ESC> or <F10>, once.


To end your lines, press <F10>. You will be asked to confirm that you have finished entering lines and then you will be asked certain trailer information. In some states, certain fields may be turned off or be inaccessible. A Complete list follows:


DATE                  This field defaults to today’s date (as per the date at the top right-hand-corner of your screen. You may change it to any valid date within the calendar (as defined in SECTION 7.1.6.) You may also return the date to today’s date by pressing <F1>. Note that this date has an effect on clearance dates. You should enter the date you received the monies.


CHEQUE DETAILS This field will be printed on the remittance portion of the Cheque. The default is the description of the first line but you can change it to any 50 character string that generally defines the reason for the Cheque.


PAYEE NAME   This field may be left blank but it is generally filled in if the Cheque is being made out to someone other that the name on the file.


REFERENCE      This field will default to the last reference number you entered, plus one. Depending on your settings in SYSTEM DEFAULTS (see SECTION 7.1.2) you may be able to change it to a different, non-zero value. The largest value available is 999999.


The screen will typically look like this:



At every point you can press <CsrUp> or <F8> to return to the previous field.


At the end of the REFUND you will be asked to confirm the update. This is the point of no return. Once you answer Y, T.L.A. will update all the relevant files. Up to this point you can cancel or modify the details. After you have updated the REFUND, you can only remove it by entering a negative REFUND i.e. the same entry but with a negative value.


If you have enabled the printing of cheques, T.L.A. will offer to print a cheque now. This is your only opportunity to print the cheque. Afterwards, you will be returned to the Cheque Value entry screen where you may either enter another REFUND or press <ESC> to return to the TRUST DATA ENTRY MENU.


Files updated by the Client Refund program:


Client/Trust master-file:        The individual dissections are added to the Client balance.


Client/Trust transaction file:  Each Cheque generates a transaction. This can be viewed in CLIENT/TRUST ENQUIRIES and is used to create reports, such as CLIENT STATEMENTS.


Reconciliation File:   Each Cheque is posted to the Reconciliation File to be later compared with the Bank statement.


General Ledger master-file: The General Bank account is updated with the value of the Cheque.


General Ledger transaction-file:      A transaction is posted for the total value of the Cheque.


Audit transaction-file:            Each dissection creates a line in the Audit file, which can then be printed in the AUDIT TRAIL.

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